Past Tense

Past Tense

You are going to Learn:
What is Past Tense?
1 - Past Tense - Formula
2 - Past Examples
3 - Past Tense Sentences
4 - Affirmative / Sentences
5 - Interro / Sentences
6 - Conclusion


Basics:

Before we start learning this first we should know that in english grammar we have 12 tenses like:
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
  4. Present Continuous Tense
  5. Past Continuous Tense
  6. Future Continuous Tense
  7. Present Perfect Tense
  8. Past Perfect Tense
  9. Future Perfect Tense
  10. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  11. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

What is Past?



First we should know the meaning of past - "The time before the present is called past " For Ex: someone asks me "Mr Naveed what time is it" so i say - its 2:30pm so this is present because this is the current time and if i say 2:29pm so this is past because this was the time before the present
Still confuse don't worry take one more example - Lets say today is my birthday and people are coming to my home and one of them asked me "Mr.Naveed how old are you now?"

so i say 20 years - so this present because right iam 20 years old but i was 19 years old before this time in english grammar we called it past ok!!!

What is Past Tense?

So i hope now you have understood what is the meaning of past so let's understand what is past tense for which you are here. It is one the of 12 tenses and it the Usage / Definition is
  • "An Action Which Happened In The Past"

Defintion | Usage:

Usage / Definition - Explanation: "An Action Which Happened In The Past" - For Example: "She ate an ice-cream" - let's say she went with her friends for a shopping and after coming form the shopping they decided to take ice-cream so she and her firends ate ice-cream

and now they are at home - so in this story we are showing that the action of eating ice-cream is not happening right now this action happened in the past so whenever we need to show any action which happened in past we use past tense

Past Tense : Formula



Till now we have understood the usage or the defintion. now we should understand how to make example sentences to do that we need to see the structure of making examples which is

Subject:

Definition : Who or What Performs The Action. It Can Be (He , She , it , They , You , We) or Anyname - For Example: - He, Naveed, Computer, English

Verb:

Definition: "A Word Which Shows An Action Is Called Verb" - Ex: (Dance , Read , Listen , do)Kinds of Verbs: We have four kinds in verbs
  • Verb (1) First - form
  • Verb (2) Second - form
  • Verb (3) Third - form
  • Verb (4) Fourth - form
We are learning about verbs form because in past tense we have to use verb 2 form . keep that in your mind every tense has its own verb form let say if you are using present continuous tense then you will have to use verb 4 form please don't be confuse you just need to know which tense use which verb form then just use it
  • Verb (1st Form ) - Eat
  • Verb (2nd Form) - Ate
  • Verb (3rd Form) - Eaten
  • Verb (4th Form) - Eating
For Ex: Simple Sentence - I eat dinner but because according to the strucutre we have to use - Verb (2nd Form) - then the new sentence will be - "I ate dinner"

Object:

In easy words object gives us the full meaning of a sentence
Example: He played - in this sentence we don't know what did he play? either football , cricket - this sentence is without object - now another Example with object -
Example No 2 : "He Played football" - this sentence Is with object Means (He is a Subject , Played is a ->Verb , Football is an ->Object) and because we have the object (which is Football) giving us the full meaning and sense - now we know he played football not cricket or anyother game

Past Tense | Sentences



We have five (5) types of sentences
  1. Simple / Affirmative
  2. Negative
  3. Interrogative
  4. Interro negative
  5. Wh Questions

1) Affirmative Sentences

Simple or Affirmative Sentences are those sentences in which we don't deny or ask question means they are totally simple - Ex: I ate eggs - this is the very simple why because - in this sentence iam not denying or asking question
Note: Because we are using past tense therefore we will use (2-form Verb) (for example - "He eat" - Will become - "He ate" )

Affirmative Sentences - Formula:

Subject + 2nd form of Verb + object
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = It gives us the full meaning of a sentence

Examples Sentences:

  1. I went to School
  2. She ate ice-cream
  3. We finished his Home work
  4. He attended the English Language Class
  5. He Took Dinner
  6. She completed her work
  7. They came here
  8. You played football
  9. He cooked Food
  10. They Played football
  11. She made cake
  12. He learned English
  13. They started Generator
  14. She made changes
  15. I repaired L.C.D
  16. I made Tutorials
  17. They implemented rules
  18. We took medicine
  19. She understood the World
  20. He cooked Food
  21. We helped poor
  22. They fought with enemies
  23. She called them
  24. She used make-up
  25. He cleaned Room
  26. We celebrated independence Day
  27. We went to take him
  28. They bought Milk
  29. He took Chicken Every Day
  30. He earned money
  31. It installed windows
  32. They recorded voice
  33. She operated Computer
  34. I drank Water
  35. He listened Songs
  36. I ate Ice-Cream
  37. They bought Laptops
  38. They caught Fishes
  39. She killed mosquitoes
  40. He loved Bodybuilding
  41. They published my Designs
  42. He started new Business
  43. He ruled the country
  44. They showed aeroplanes
  45. She stole Petrol

2) Past Tense - Negative / Say No



We use Negative when we want to deny / or when we are not agreeing with someone and to do this we use two additional words which are - "Not + Helping Verb"
How To Make Negative Sentence Rules | Explanation:
  1. Not - (Not Means - No)
  2. "Did" Is The Helping Verb - We have Did as the helping verb in past tense - may be you are asking yourself why do we need (Helping Verb like "Did") when we can only use the word (not) when are not agreeing well the answer is very simple - as you know in english grammar we have many structures so how will a person understand which tense are you using. in order to make this confusion clear every tense has its own helping verb so that a person can understand oh this tense you are using ok!!
  3. Verb 2nd form - Becomes - Verb 1st form : Please Keep that in your mind that verb 2nd form become verb 1st form in negative
    For Ex: I ate eggs - but in negative it will be - I did not eat eggs

Formula of Negative:

Sub + Did + Not + V1 + Object
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = Object is noun or pronoun and tell the meaning of preposition
Not = By the word we can understand the word "Not" is for when not agree
Did = This is the helping verb to tell specifically this is the negative of past

Negative Examples

  1. I did not go to School
  2. We did not finish his work
  3. He did not attend the English Language Class
  4. He did not Take Dinner
  5. She did not complete her work
  6. They did not come here
  7. You did not play football
  8. He did not cook Food
  9. She did not make cake
  10. He did not learn English
  11. They did not start Generator
  12. She did not make changes
  13. I did not repair L.C.D
  14. I did not make Tutorials
  15. They did not implement rules
  16. We did not take medicine
  17. She did not understand the World
  18. We did not help poor
  19. They did not fight with enemies
  20. She did not call them
  21. She did not use make-up
  22. He did not clean Room
  23. We did not celebrate independence Day
  24. They did not buy a Milk
  25. He did not take Chicken Every Day
  26. He did not earn money
  27. It did not install windows
  28. They did not record voice
  29. She did not operate Computer
  30. I did not drink Water
  31. He did not listen Songs
  32. He did not love Bodybuilding
  33. They did not publish my Designs
  34. He did not start new Business
  35. He did not rule the country
  36. They did not show aeroplanes
  37. She did not steal Petrol

3) Past Tense / Interrogative



We use Interrogative for asking question. in order to do that just put the helping verbs at the beginning of a sentence and the end put question mark?

Formula of Interrogative:

Did + Sub + not + v1 + Object?
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = Object is noun or pronoun and tell the meaning of preposition
Question Mark? = We put question mark? at the end of every Interrogative sentence so that it looks like it is Question

Examples Sentences

  1. Did He Speak English?
  2. Did They come late?
  3. Did She Complete her Work?
  4. Did He Write a letter?
  5. Did He learn Auto-Cad?
  6. Did It Connect??
  7. Did She speak English?
  8. Did They reject us?
  9. Did They buy Laptops?
  10. Did He eat ice-cream?
  11. Did He tell a lie?
  12. Did He listen Songs?
  13. Did He copy form us?
  14. Did He wear jeans?
  15. Did He take a lot of water?
  16. Did She Operate Computer?
  17. Did She Talk with him?
  18. Did It take time?
  19. Did We eat Eggs?
  20. Did They open this Shop?
  21. Did They record voice?
  22. Did It install Windows?
  23. Did She cook Food?
  24. Did He make Cake?
  25. Did They build giant buildings?
  26. Did She stop us?
  27. Did It kill mosquitoes?
  28. Did He earn money?
  29. Did They come to me?
  30. Did They deal in Electronics?
  31. Did He work in Office?
  32. Did She take an interview?
  33. Did He catch fish?
  34. Did They love each other?
  35. Did He scold them?
  36. Did He complete his Work?
  37. Did Water boil at 100'C?
  38. Did He think bad about you?
  39. Did He take 2 Kg Chicken every day?
  40. Did He cut hair?
  41. Did He smoke ?
  42. Did They buy milk?

4) Past Tense / Interro-Negative



Interro-Negative is the combination of two structures first Interrogative Second Negative we use it when we want to ask both at the same time

Formula of Interro-Negative:

Did + Sub + not + v1 + Object?
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = Object is noun or pronoun and tell the meaning of preposition
Did = This is the helping verb to tell specifically this is the negative of past
Question Mark? = We put question mark? at the end of every Interrogative sentence so that it looks like it is Question

Interrogative - Negative Exercise

  1. Did He not Speak English?
  2. Did They not come late?
  3. Did She not Complete her Work?
  4. Did He not Write a letter?
  5. Did He not learn Auto-Cad?
  6. Did It not Connect??
  7. Did She not speak English?
  8. Did They not reject us?
  9. Did They not buy Laptops?
  10. Did He not eat ice-cream?
  11. Did He not tell a lie?
  12. Did He not listen Songs?
  13. Did He not copy form us?
  14. Did He not wear jeans?
  15. Did He not take a lot of water?
  16. Did She not Operate Computer?
  17. Did She not Talk with him?
  18. Did It not take time?
  19. Did We not eat Eggs?
  20. Did They not open this Shop?
  21. Did They not record voice?
  22. Did It not install Windows?
  23. Did She not cook Food?
  24. Did He not make Cake?
  25. Did They not build giant buildings?
  26. Did She not stop us?
  27. Did It not kill mosquitoes?
  28. Did He not earn money?
  29. Did They not come to me?
  30. Did They not deal in Electronics?
  31. Did He not work in Office?
  32. Did She not take an interview?
  33. Did He not catch fishes?
  34. Did They not love each other?
  35. Did He not scold them?
  36. Did He not complete his Work?
  37. Did Water not boil at 100'C?
  38. Did Water not make our Skin good?
  39. Did He not think bad about you?
  40. Did He not cut hair?
  41. Did He not smoke ?
  42. Did They not buy milk?

Conclusion:

So we have finished learning what is past tense. i tired my level best to teach you. i hope you have understood but still you any problem understanding it so please contact us Thank you..