present perfect



Present Perfect

You are going to Learn:
1 - Usage Definition
2 - Structure / Formula
3 - Examples / Excerises
4 - Negative - Examples
5 - Interrogative - Structure
6 - Conclusion

Basics:

Before we start learning this tense first we should know that in english grammar we have 12 tenses which are:
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
  4. Present Continuous Tense
  5. Past Continuous Tense
  6. Future Continuous Tense
  7. Present Perfect Tense
  8. Past Perfect Tense
  9. Future Perfect Tense
  10. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  11. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Definition:

The Formal Definition/Usage Is - " When an action has a relation with Present "

Explaination:

You must be confused and thinking what does it mean relation with present !!! well don't worry when iam teaching. this defintion is very easy to understand and to make you understand i have one example for you which will clear your all confusions -
Example No1: let's say I took breakfast at 12:00pm and then I meet someone at 12:15pm that person Suggests me to eat something But I ate at 12:00pm and now after 15 mins of eating my stomach is full . Even though I ate in Past But In Present Still My Stomach is Full

So in order to show this kinds of situations in english grammar we use Present Perfect tense because when An Action Happened in the past but it has a Relation with Present which in this case (Take breakfast at 12:00pm in past ) and someone (offered in present at 12:15 when the stomach is full)
Example No2: Let's say right now iam in someone's wedding ceremony and after sitting , talking with friends the dinner table gets open i take rice , chicken in my plate and sit while iam eating

one of my relative comes and asks "Mr - Naveed did you take the chicken?" so i say yes yes my brother "i have taken the chicken " - so this last sentence in "quatation mark" is showing the present perfect because the action (of taking chicken ) happened in past and still my plate is not empty it has some chicken left ok!!!

Present Perfect Tense : Structure / Formula

Till now we have understood the usages or the defintions of Present Perfect Tense. now we should understand how to make example sentences to do that we need to see the structure of making examples which is

Subject:

Means Who or What Performs The Action. It Can Be ( He , She , it , They , You , We ) or Anyname - For Example: - He, Naveed, Computer, English

Verb:

"A Word Which Shows An Action Is Called Verb" - Ex: (Dance , Read , Listen , do)

Object:

In easy words object gives us the full meaning of a sentence Example: He has played - in this sentence we don't know what has he played? either football , cricket - this sentence is without object - now another Example with object -
Example No 2 : He has played football - this sentence with object and giving us the full meaning and sense
Why do we use Helping Verbs? - May be you ask yourself why do we need Helping Verb Well the simplest answer of this question is as you know in english grammar we have many structues so how will a person will understand which tense are you using to make this confusion clear every tense has its own helping verb so that a person can understand oh this tense you are using ok!!! in this tense we have two helping Verbs - (Has , Have)
1) Has = Has is a helping verb - We use Has With Singular Ex: He , She , it or any Singular Name
2) Have = Were is also a helping verb - We use Have With plural Ex: I, They , We or any plural Name - (For instance : I have , They have , We have )

Present Perfect | Sentences

We have five (5) types of sentences
  1. Simple / Affirmative
  2. Negative
  3. Interrogative
  4. Interro negative
  5. Wh Questions

1) Simple / Affirmative

Simple or Affirmative Sentences are those sentences in which we don't deny or ask question means they are totally simple - Ex: I have written a letter - this is the very simple why because - in this sentence iam not denying or asking question just saying

Structure / Formula

Sub + Have/Has + V3rd + Object
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = It gives us the full meaning of a sentence
Have / Has = Helping Verbs

Examples / Exercises:

  1. I have written a letter
  2. He has cooked Food
  3. They have Played football
  4. She has made cake
  5. He has learnt English
  6. They have started Generator
  7. She has made changes
  8. I have repaired L.C.D
  9. I have made Tutorials
  10. They have implemented rules
  11. We have taken medicine
  12. She has understood the World
  13. We have helped poor
  14. They have fought with enemies
  15. She has called them
  16. She has used make-up
  17. He has cleaned Room
  18. We have celebrated independence Day
  19. We have gone to take him
  20. They have bought Milk
  21. He has taken Chicken
  22. He has earned money
  23. It has installed windows
  24. We have eaten eggs
  25. They have recorded my voice
  26. She has operated Computer
  27. He has listened these Songs
  28. I have eaten Ice-Cream
  29. They have bought Laptops
  30. They have Caught Fishes
  31. She has killed mosquitoes
  32. He have loved Bodybuilding
  33. They have published my Designs
  34. He has started a new Business
  35. He has ruled this country
  36. They have shown aeroplanes
  37. She has Stolen Petrol

2) Present Perfect - Negative / Say No

We use Negative when we want to deny / or when we are not agreeing with someone and to do this we use two additional words which are - "Not" With Helping Verbs
How To Make Negative Sentences | Explanation:
  1. Not - (Not Means - No)
  2. Helping Verb - Has / Have - Which i have explained this earlier

Structure / Formula of Negative:

Sub + Have/Has + Not + V (3 Foam of Verb) + Object
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = Object is noun or pronoun and tell the meaning of preposition
Not = By the word we can understand the word "Not" is for when not agree
Have / Has = Helping Verbs

Examples / Exercises:

  1. I have not written a letter
  2. He has not cooked Food
  3. They have not Played football
  4. She has not made cake
  5. He has not learnt English
  6. They have not started Generator
  7. She has not made changes
  8. I have not repaired L.C.D
  9. I have not made Tutorials
  10. They have not implemented rules
  11. We have not taken medicine
  12. She has not understood the World
  13. We have not helped poor
  14. They have not fought with enemies
  15. She has not called them
  16. She has not used make-up
  17. He has not cleaned Room
  18. We have not celebrated independence Day
  19. We have not gone to take him
  20. They have not bought Milk
  21. He has not taken Chicken
  22. He has not earned money
  23. It has not installed windows
  24. We have not eaten eggs
  25. They have not recorded my voice
  26. She has not operated Computer
  27. He has not listened these Songs
  28. I have not eaten Ice-Cream
  29. They have not bought Laptops
  30. They have not Caught Fishes
  31. She has not killed mosquitoes
  32. He have not loved Bodybuilding
  33. They have not published my Designs
  34. He has not started a new Business
  35. He has not ruled this country
  36. They have not shown aero planes
  37. She has not Stolen Petrol

3) Present Perfect / Interrogative

We use Interrogative for asking question and to do this we put the helping verb which is (did) at first and at the end put the question mark?

Formula of Interrogative:

Have/Has + Sub + V (3rd Verb) + Object?
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = Object is noun or pronoun and tell the meaning of preposition
Have / Has = Helping Verbs
Question Mark? = We put question mark? at the end of every Interrogative sentence so that it looks like it is Question
  1. Have I written a letter ?
  2. Has He cooked Food?
  3. Have they Played football?
  4. Has He learnt English?
  5. Have they started Generator?
  6. Has He made changes?
  7. Have I repaired L.C.D?
  8. Have I made Tutorials?
  9. Have they implemented rules?
  10. Have We taken medicine?
  11. Has He understood World?
  12. Have We helped poor?
  13. Have they fought with enemies?
  14. Has He called them?
  15. Has He used make-up?
  16. Has He cleaned Room?
  17. Have you celebrated independence Day?
  18. Have they gone to take him?
  19. Have they bought Milk?
  20. Has He taken Chicken ?
  21. Has He earned money?
  22. Has it installed windows?
  23. Have We eaten eggs?
  24. Have they recorded voice?
  25. Has He operated Computer?
  26. Have you drunk ?
  27. Has He listened Songs?
  28. Have they bought Laptops?
  29. Have they caught Fishes?
  30. Has it killed mosquitoes?
  31. Has He loved Bodybuilding?
  32. Have they published my Designs?
  33. Has He started new Business?
  34. Has He ruled this country?
  35. Have they shown aeroplanes?
  36. Has He Stolen Petrol?

4) Present Perfect / Interro-Negative

Interro-Negative is the combination of two structures first Interrogative Second Negative we use it when we want to ask both at the same time

Structure / Formula of Interro-Negative:

Have/Has + Sub + Not + V (3rd Verb) + Object?
Subject = Means Who or what perform the action
Verb = A word which is used to indicate the act is called verb
Object = Object is noun or pronoun and tell the meaning of preposition
Have / Has = Helping Verbs
Question Mark? = We put question mark? at the end of every Interrogative sentence so that it looks like it is Question

Examples / Exercises:

  1. Have I not written a letter ?
  2. Has He not cooked Food?
  3. Have they not Played football?
  4. Has He not learnt English?
  5. Have they not started Generator?
  6. Has He not made changes?
  7. Have I not repaired L.C.D?
  8. Have I not made Tutorials?
  9. Have they not implemented rules?
  10. Have We not taken medicine?
  11. Has He not understood World?
  12. Have We not helped poor?
  13. Have they not fought with enemies?
  14. Has He not called them?
  15. Has He not used make-up?
  16. Has He not cleaned Room?
  17. Have you not celebrated independence Day?
  18. Have they not gone to take him?
  19. Have they not bought Milk?
  20. Has He not taken Chicken ?
  21. Has He not earned money?
  22. Has it not installed windows?
  23. Have We not eaten eggs?
  24. Have they not recorded voice?
  25. Has He not operated Computer?
  26. Have you not drunk ?
  27. Has He not listened Songs?
  28. Have they not bought Laptops?
  29. Have they not caught Fishes?
  30. Has it not killed mosquitoes?
  31. Has He not loved Bodybuilding?
  32. Have they not published my Designs?
  33. Has He not started new Business?
  34. Has He not ruled this country?
  35. Have they not shown aeroplanes?
  36. Has He not Stolen Petrol?

Conclusion:

So we have finished learning Present Perfect Tense i tired my level best to teach you through definitions, pictures and examples and i hope you have understood but still you any problem understanding it so please contact me i would love to help you Thank you ....