Present Tense Definition, Examples Sentences



Present Tense

You are going to Learn:
1 - What is Present Tense?
2 - Definition / Usages
3 - Structure / Formula
4 - Person Singular - Rules
6 - Present - Sentences
7 - Examples / Excerises
8 - Negative - Structure
9 - Interrogative - Structure
10 - [ WH - Questions ?]
11 - Conclusion

Basics:

Before we start learning it first i want to tell you that - English is not hard at all and if you have not understood any single thing yet from anywhere then don't worry because here on this website you will understand each and everything Trust Me !!!. So let's first start by understanding that in English Grammar we have 12 tenses And we are learning the first tense.
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
  4. Present Continuous Tense
  5. Past Continuous Tense
  6. Future Continuous Tense
  7. Present Perfect Tense
  8. Past Perfect Tense
  9. Future Perfect Tense
  10. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  11. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

What is Present Tense?

It is one the 12 tenses and we use it to show
  1. Habits
  2. Universal Facts
  3. Daily Routine

Defintion | Usages:

1. Habits

The Meaning Of Habit Is - "Something That We Do Often & Regularly,"
  1. He Tells a Lie (So this is his Habit) because he does this every Day / Time
  2. She Smokes
  3. He talks alot

3. Daily Routine

Daily Routine Means - "The work which we do everyday but in a squence "
  1. I wake up at 6:30 am
  2. Then I brush my teeth then i perfrom prayer
  3. Then i go to office

Present Tense : Structure / Formula

Till now we have understood the usages or the defintions. now we should understand how to make example sentences to do that we need to see the structure of making examples which is

Subject:

Means Who or What Performs The Action. It Can Be ( He , She , it , They , You , We ) or Anyname - For Ex: - Naveed, Computer, English , He , She

Verb:

"A Word Which Shows An Action Is Called Verb" - For Example: (Dance , Read , Listen , Come)

Object:

In easy words we say that an object gives us the full meaning of a sentence
Example: "He plays" - in this sentence we don't know what does he play? either football , cricket - because this sentence is without object Means (He is a ->Subject , Play is a ->Verb) but does not have an object.
Example No 2 : "He plays football" - this sentence Is with object Means (He is a ->Subject , Play is a ->Verb , Football is an ->Object) and because we have the object (which is Football) giving us the full meaning and sense - now we know he plays football not cricket or anyother game

Present Tense : Rules

Now we are just one step away from making sentences. iam teaching you this because this is the rule which most of the students miss and this is very important that is changing the verb means either put (s , es, ies) at the end of the verb only when the subject is third person singular Just for your better understanding iam explaining it in two parts
  1. What Is Third Person Singular?
  2. Verb Rule

Part : No 1 - What Is Third Person Singular?

By the word we can understand that singular means single (1) (one thing) and in present tense - When we say (He , She , it) so it means
He - means (One Male / Boy) ,
She - means (One Women / Girl) ,
It - means (One none-living thing like - Computer , Mobile , Car )
Naveed - means (One person it does not means more than one) ok!!!
So whenever we have these words as a subject in our sentence we call them Third Person Singular
For Example: "He plays cricket" - In this sentence the subject is "He -> Is A Subject" therefore is a third person singular now we know what is third person singular so let's learn the rules of verbs

Part : No 2 - Verb Rule

We have three(3) rules for verb
  1. Verb Ends With (Y) then we add ("ies")
  2. Verb Ends With (-O, -S, -X, -CH, -SH) Add ("es")
  3. Verb Ends With Not From Any Of The Above Then We Add (S)

Verb Ends With (y) Then We Add ("ies")


Very simple - First we will see is the subject in our sentence is third person singular (Means - He , She ,it) or anyname then the next step is we see verb is ending with which character if you find the last charater y then this rule will be appiled that is (replace y with ies)For Example:He Try will become - "He Tires" below image is showing exactly what iam saying

Verb Ends With (-O, -S, -X, -CH, -SH) Then We Add ("es")


In the first condtion we learnt if the verb ends with y then we will add ies . in this second condition we see if the verb is ending with (-O, -S, -X, -CH, -SH) then we replace it with "es"
For Example:He go - [Will become] - He goes because the last character in this verb(Go) is (O) and it matches our second condition which says any verb ends with (O) (+) Add es Thefore - [ He go - became - He goes] you can also understand it by seeing this below image

Verb Ends With Not With Any of the Condition - Then We Add ("es")


Till now we have seen if ends with this then do this but what if the verb does not end with any of the condition and still is third person singular? - To slove this problem in english grammar gives us a solution which is - just add (S) Simple
For Example:He Come - [Will become] - He Comes because this is the third condition which says if the "Subject is third person singular And the verb is not ending with any condition then just add (S) at the end " you can also see below picture to understand better

Present Tense | Sentences

Finally!!! we have reached to the point where we can start learning how to make sentences. so first understand what are kinds / Types of sentences can we make

Kinds / Types of Sentences:

We have five (5) types of sentences
  1. Simple / Affirmative
  2. Negative
  3. Interrogative
  4. Interro negative
  5. Wh Questions
Simple or Affirmative are those sentences in which we don't deny or ask question means they are totally simple - Ex: I eat eggs - this is the very simple why because - in this sentence iam not denying or asking question

Subject + Verb + Object

Subject = Means Who or What Performs The Action
Verb = A word which shows an action is called verb" - For Example: (Dance , Read , Listen , Come)
Object = In easy words we say that an object gives us the full meaning of a sentence

Examples Sentences:

  1. I write a letter - > In this examples iam not asking question or denying
  2. He Speaks English
  3. They come late
  4. She Completes her Work
  5. He Writes a letter
  6. He learns Auto-Cad
  7. It Connects
  8. She speaks English
  9. They reject us
  10. They buy Laptops
  11. He eats ice-cream
  12. He tells a lie
  13. He listens Songs
  14. He copies from us
  15. He wears jeans
  16. He takes a lot of water
  17. She Operates Computer
  18. She Talks with him
  19. It takes time
  20. We eat Eggs
  21. We do exercise
  22. They open this Shop
  23. They record voice
  24. It installs Windows
  25. She cooks Food
  26. He makes Cake
  27. They build giant buildings
  28. She stops us
  29. It kills mosquitoes
  30. He earns money
  31. They recite Holy Book
  32. They come to me
  33. They deal in Electronics
  34. He works in Office
  35. She takes an interview
  36. He catches fish
  37. They love each other
  38. He scolds them
  39. He completes his Work
  40. Water boils at 100'C
  41. Water makes our Skin good
  42. Brain controls our body
  43. Heart pumps blood
  44. He thinks bad about you
  45. He cuts hair
  46. He smokes
  47. They buy milk
We use Negative when we want to deny / or when we are not agreeing with someone and to do this we use two additional words which are - "Not" And Helping Verbs
Additional Words | Explanation:
  1. Not - (Not Means - No)
  2. Helping Verbs - We have two helping verbs in present tense - (First is Do , Second is Does) may be you are asking yourself why do we need them when we can only use the word (not) when are not agreeing well the answer is very simple - as you know in english grammar we have many structures so how will a person understand which tense are you using. in order to make this confusion clear every tense has its own helping verb so that a person can understand oh this tense you are using ok!!!

Sub + Do/Does + Not + V1 + Object

Does – The Word "Does" only comes with Singular Noun (She, He, it)
Do – The word "Do" only comes with Plural Noun (They, we I You) Etc

Examples Sentences:

  1. He does not Speak English
  2. They do not come late
  3. She does not Complete her Work
  4. He does not Write a letter
  5. He does not learn Auto-Cad
  6. It does not Connect
  7. She does not speak English
  8. They do not reject us
  9. They do not buy Laptops
  10. He does not eat ice-cream
  11. He does not tell a lie
  12. He does not listen Songs
  13. He does not copy from us
  14. He does not wear jeans
  15. He does not take a lot of water
  16. She does not Operate Computer
  17. She does not Talk with him
  18. It does not take time
  19. We do not eat Eggs
  20. They do not open this Shop
  21. They do not record voice
  22. It does not install Windows
  23. She does not cook Food
  24. He does not make Cake
  25. She does not stop us
  26. It does not kill mosquitoes
  27. He does not earn money
  28. They do not recite Holy Book
  29. They do not come to me
  30. They do not deal in Electronics
  31. He does not work in Office
  32. She does not take an interview
  33. People do not cross this path
  34. He does not catch fish
  35. They do not love each other
  36. He does not scold them
  37. He does not complete his Work
  38. He does not think bad about you
  39. He does not cut hair
  40. He does not smoke
  41. They do not buy milk
We use Interrogative for asking question. in order to do that just put the helping verbs at the beginning of a sentence and the end put question mark?

Do/Does + Subject + V1 + Object?

Examples Sentences:

Do I write a letter? - > Iam asking question
  1. Does He Speak English?
  2. Do They come late?
  3. Does She Complete her Work?
  4. Does He Write a letter?
  5. Does He learn Auto-Cad?
  6. Does It Connect??
  7. Does She speak English?
  8. Do They reject us?
  9. Do They buy Laptops?
  10. Does He eat ice-cream?
  11. Does He tell a lie?
  12. Does He listen Songs?
  13. Does He copy from us?
  14. Does He wear jeans?
  15. Does He take a lot of water?
  16. Does She Operate Computer?
  17. Does She Talk with him?
  18. Does It take time?
  19. Do We eat Eggs?
  20. Do They open this Shop?
  21. Do They record voice?
  22. Does It install Windows?
  23. Does She cook Food?
  24. Do They build giant buildings?
  25. Does She stop us?
  26. Does It kill mosquitoes?
  27. Does He earn money?
  28. Do They recite Holy Book?
  29. Do They come to me?
  30. Do They deal in Electronics?
  31. Does He work in Office?
  32. Does She take an interview?
  33. Does He catch fish?
  34. Do They love each other?
  35. Does He scold them?
  36. Does He complete his Work?
  37. Does Water boil at 100'C?
  38. Does He think bad about you?
  39. Does He cut hair?
  40. Does He smoke ?
  41. Do They buy milk?
They are like a normal interrogative sentence but they have two conditions (1) "They start from [What , When] Words" (2) "The answer can not be Yes or No - you have to give proper answer
What / When + Do / Does + Subject + V1 + Object?
  1. Why Does He Speak English?
  2. Why Do They come late?
  3. When Does She Complete her Work?
  4. Why Does He Write a letter?
  5. Why Does He learn Auto-Cad?
  6. When Does It Connect??
  7. Why Does She speak English?
  8. Why Do They reject us?
  9. When Do They buy Laptops?
  10. Why Does He eat ice-cream?
  11. Why Does He tell a lie?
  12. When Does He listen Songs?
  13. Why Does He copy from us?
  14. WhenDoes He wear jeans?
  15. Why Does He take a lot of water?
  16. Why Does She Operate Computer?
  17. Why Does She Talk with him?
  18. Why Does It take time?
  19. When Do We eat Eggs?
  20. When Do They open this Shop?
  21. Why Do They record voice?
  22. When Does It install Windows?
  23. Why Does She cook Food?
  24. When Does He make Cake?
  25. Why Do They not build giant buildings?
  26. Does She stop us?
  27. Why Does It kill mosquitoes?
  28. Why Does He earn money?
  29. Why Do They come to me?
  30. When Do They deal in Electronics?
  31. Why Does He work in Office?
  32. When Does She take an interview?
  33. When Does He caught fishes?
  34. When Do They love each other?
  35. Why Does He scold them?
  36. When Does He complete his Work?
  37. When Does He think bad about you?
  38. Why Does He cut hair?
  39. When Does He smoke ?
  40. Why Do They buy milk?

Conclusion:

So we have finished learning what is present tense. i tired my level best to teach you through my Video lectures and examples (with pictures) i hope you have understood but still you any problem understanding it so please contact us Thank you..